INIA's experience in strengthening the domestic camelid germplasm bank

  • Teodosio Huanca Mamani Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria
  • N Apaza Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria
  • Mario Lino Gonzales Castillo Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria

Abstract

South American camelids are very important species in the Andean economy; for being a source of meat, fiber and work for the breeders who inhabit the high Andean areas above 4,000 meters above sea level. These animals use extensive areas of natural grasslands, which due to factors associated with altitude could not be efficiently exploited by other domestic animals. Currently, this ageing is carried out in conditions of peasant communities 95%, therefore, it is required to continue working in the field of research and validation to help improve production levels and productivity, taking into account that 70% of the producers develop a traditional upbringing. The production of camelids, as in other species, is sustained by four important factors, three of them related to the environment: health, food and management; and one related to the animal's own biology such as genetics. In the high Andean zone at the level of the peasant communities, where the highest concentration of llamas and alpacas is found, production and productivity is very low, in terms of fleece weight, live weight, characteristics subject to the environment, however, due to influence market demand shows the bleaching of herds, the disappearance of coloured animals and a greater draw from the flames to increase alpacas, in these conditions, there is a danger of the disappearance of the genetic variability of camelids. The National Camelid Research Program (P.N.I.C.), aware of its leading role in the generation of technology, presents the progress being made in strengthening the INIA Germplasm Bank in the EE. Illpa - CIP Quimsachata.

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Author Biography

Teodosio Huanca Mamani, Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria
DOCTOR UNIVERSIDAD SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA, ESPAÑA
How to Cite
Huanca Mamani, Teodosio, N Apaza, and Mario Lino Gonzales Castillo. 1. “INIA’s Experience in Strengthening the Domestic Camelid Germplasm Bank”. Latin American Archives of Animal Production 15 (5). https://ojs.alpa.uy/index.php/ojs_files/article/view/2736.