Productive and reproductive performance of dual-purpose cows in two systems of suckling in the tropics

  • P. Perez Programa de Ganadería, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, México.
  • F. Solaris Programa de Ganadería, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, México.
  • Miguel Garcia-Winder IICA, Costa Rica
  • M. Osorio-Arce Programa de Ganadería, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, México.
  • J. Gallegos-Sanchez Programa de Ganadería, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, México.

Abstract

With the objective of finding an alternative management to improve the reproductive and productive efficiencyof dual-purpose Bos taurus x Bos indicus cows in a tropical environment, 20 adult, ¾ Brown Swiss x ¼ Cebu cows were assigned to two treatments: traditional suckling (AT; n = 10) and delayed suckling (AR; n = 10). In AT, three quarters were milked mechanically and one quarter was left for the calf; after milking, the calf remained with its mother for 7 h. Cows in AR were milked completely and a suckling period of 1 h took place 8 h after milking. Estrus was detected twice daily, with the help of a bull with a deviated penis. Milk production and liveweight of the calves and cows were recorded every 7 and 15 days, respectively. Statistical analysis utilized the t-test for samples of independent populations; a model of fixed effects without interaction, with suckling management and number of parturition as the principal effects; and Chi-square. The number of cows observed in estrus was greater (P<.05) in AR (90%) than in AT (70%). Use of AR reduced by 11 d the interval from parturition to first estrus (69.9 ± 24.7 vs. 58.4 ± 23.6). No differences (P>.05) were found in rate of weight gain of the calves (637 ± 200 vs. 724 ± 100 g/d), in milk obtained mechanically (4.4 ± 1.5 vs. 5.1 ± 1.3 kg/d), or in liveweight change of the dams (-0.221 ± 0.2 vs -0.115 ± 0.3 kg/d) between AT and AR, respectively. Total milk production in AR exceeded (P<.05) that in AT (11.3 ± 1.6 vs. 9.4 ± 2.0 kg/d). It is concluded that delaying suckling for 8 h after milking benefits the interval from parturition to first estrus, the proportion of cows ovulating and milk production during the first 100 d postpartum, without adversely affecting calf growth, liveweight of the cow, and milk extracted mechanically.

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Published
2005-03-13
How to Cite
Perez, P., F. Solaris, Miguel Garcia-Winder, M. Osorio-Arce, and J. Gallegos-Sanchez. 2005. “Productive and Reproductive Performance of Dual-Purpose Cows in Two Systems of Suckling in the Tropics”. Latin American Archives of Animal Production 9 (2). https://ojs.alpa.uy/index.php/ojs_files/article/view/265.
Section
Original paper